A Home Page 7 the Bible has verses that describe the Earth Wobble during the Great Tribulation Period

Here is a article about the Earth Wobble before a major Earthquake. It is interesting how the Bible has verses that describe the Earth Wobble during the Great Tribulation Period:

Isaiah 24:

[1] Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.
[2] And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
[3] The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.
[4] The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.
[5] The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.
[6] Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.

[19] The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.
[20] The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.
[21] And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.
[22] And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.
[23] Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.

Isaiah 24:19:

New International Version
The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is violently shaken.

New Living Translation
The earth has broken up. It has utterly collapsed; it is violently shaken.

English Standard Version
The earth is utterly broken, the earth is split apart, the earth is violently shaken.

Berean Study Bible
The earth is utterly broken apart, the earth is split open, the earth is shaken violently.

New American Standard Bible
The earth is broken asunder, The earth is split through, The earth is shaken violently.

New King James Version
The earth is violently broken, The earth is split open, The earth is shaken exceedingly.

King James Bible
The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.

Christian Standard Bible
The earth is completely devastated; the earth is split open; the earth is violently shaken.

Contemporary English Version
the earth is shattered, ripped to pieces.

Good News Translation
The earth will crack and shatter and split open.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The earth is completely devastated; the earth is split open; the earth is violently shaken.

International Standard Version
The earth is utterly shattered, the earth is split apart, the earth is violently shaken.

NET Bible
The earth is broken in pieces, the earth is ripped to shreds, the earth shakes violently.

New Heart English Bible
The earth is utterly broken. The earth is torn apart. The earth is shaken violently.

GOD’S WORD® Translation
The earth will be completely broken. The earth will shake back and forth violently. The earth will stagger.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The earth is broken, broken down, The earth is crumbled in pieces, The earth trembleth and tottereth;

New American Standard 1977
The earth is broken asunder, The earth is split through, The earth is shaken violently.

King James 2000 Bible
The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is torn asunder, the earth is shaken exceedingly.

American King James Version
The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.

American Standard Version
The earth is utterly broken, the earth is rent asunder, the earth is shaken violently.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
the earth shall be utterly confounded, and the earth shall be completely perplexed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
With breaking shall the earth be broken, with crushing shall the earth be crushed, with trembling shall the earth be moved.

Darby Bible Translation
The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is completely dissolved, the earth is violently moved.

English Revised Version
The earth is utterly broken, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.

Webster’s Bible Translation
The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is entirely dissolved, the earth is exceedingly moved.

World English Bible
The earth is utterly broken. The earth is torn apart. The earth is shaken violently.

Young’s Literal Translation
Utterly broken down hath been the land, Utterly broken hath been the land, Utterly moved hath been the land.

The earth
הָאָ֑רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 776: Earth, land

is utterly
רֹ֥עָה (rō·‘āh)
Verb – Qal – Infinitive absolute
Strong’s Hebrew 7489: To spoil, to make, good for, nothing, bad

broken apart,
הִֽתְרֹעֲעָ֖ה (hiṯ·rō·‘ă·‘āh)
Verb – Hitpael – Perfect – third person feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 7489: To spoil, to make, good for, nothing, bad

the earth
אֶ֔רֶץ (’e·reṣ)
Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 776: Earth, land

is split open,
פּ֤וֹר (pō·wr)
Verb – Qal – Infinitive absolute
Strong’s Hebrew 6565: To break up, to violate, frustrate

the earth
אָֽרֶץ׃ (’ā·reṣ)
Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 776: Earth, land

is shaken
מ֥וֹט (mō·wṭ)
Verb – Qal – Infinitive absolute
Strong’s Hebrew 4131: To waver, to slip, shake, fall

violently.
הִֽתְמוֹטְטָ֖ה (hiṯ·mō·wṭ·ṭāh)
Verb – Hitpael – Perfect – third person feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 4131: To waver, to slip, shake, fall

Isaiah 24:20

New International Version
The earth reels like a drunkard, it sways like a hut in the wind; so heavy upon it is the guilt of its rebellion that it falls–never to rise again.

New Living Translation
The earth staggers like a drunk. It trembles like a tent in a storm. It falls and will not rise again, for the guilt of its rebellion is very heavy.

English Standard Version
The earth staggers like a drunken man; it sways like a hut; its transgression lies heavy upon it, and it falls, and will not rise again.

Berean Study Bible
The earth staggers like a drunkard and sways like a shack. Earth’s rebellion weighs it down, and it falls, never to rise again.

New American Standard Bible
The earth reels to and fro like a drunkard And it totters like a shack, For its transgression is heavy upon it, And it will fall, never to rise again.

New King James Version
The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, And shall totter like a hut; Its transgression shall be heavy upon it, And it will fall, and not rise again.

King James Bible
The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

Christian Standard Bible
The earth staggers like a drunkard and sways like a hut. Earth’s rebellion weighs it down, and it falls, never to rise again.

Contemporary English Version
It staggers and shakes like a drunkard or a hut in a windstorm. It is burdened down with sin; the earth will fall, never again to get up.

Good News Translation
The earth itself will stagger like a drunk, sway like a hut in a storm. The world is weighed down by its sins; it will collapse and never rise again.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The earth staggers like a drunkard and sways like a hut. Earth’s rebellion weighs it down, and it falls, never to rise again.

International Standard Version
The earth reels to and fro like a drunkard; it sways like a hut; its transgression lies so heavy upon it, that it falls, never to rise again.

NET Bible
The earth will stagger around like a drunk; it will sway back and forth like a hut in a windstorm. Its sin will weigh it down, and it will fall and never get up again.

New Heart English Bible
The earth will stagger like a drunken man, and will sway back and forth like a hammock. Its disobedience will be heavy on it, and it will fall and not rise again.

GOD’S WORD® Translation
The earth will stumble like a drunk and sway like a shack in the wind. Its disobedience weighs heavy on it. It will fall and not get up again.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The earth reeleth to and fro like a drunken man, And swayeth to and fro as a lodge; And the transgression thereof is heavy upon it, And it shall fall, and not rise again.

New American Standard 1977
The earth reels to and fro like a drunkard, And it totters like a shack, For its transgression is heavy upon it, And it will fall, never to rise again.

King James 2000 Bible
The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a hut; and its transgression shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

American King James Version
The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy on it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

American Standard Version
The earth shall stagger like a drunken man, and shall sway to and fro like a hammock; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
It reels as a drunkard and one oppressed with wine, and the earth shall be shaken as a storehouse of fruits; for iniquity has prevailed upon it, and it shall fall, and shall not be able to rise.

Douay-Rheims Bible
With shaking shall the earth be shaken as a drunken man, and shall be removed as the tent of one night: and the iniquity thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fell, and not rise again.

Darby Bible Translation
The earth reeleth to and fro like a drunkard, and is shaken like a night hut; and its transgression is heavy upon it; and it falleth and shall not rise again.

English Revised Version
The earth shall stagger like a drunken man, and shall be moved to and fro like a hut; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again.

Webster’s Bible Translation
The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression of it shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.

World English Bible
The earth will stagger like a drunken man, and will sway back and forth like a hammock. Its disobedience will be heavy on it, and it will fall and not rise again.

Young’s Literal Translation
Stagger greatly doth the land as a drunkard, And it hath been moved as a lodge, And heavy on it hath been its transgression, And it hath fallen, and addeth not to rise.

The earth
אֶ֙רֶץ֙ (’e·reṣ)
Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 776: Earth, land

staggers
נ֣וֹעַ (nō·w·a‘)
Verb – Qal – Infinitive absolute
Strong’s Hebrew 5128: To quiver, wave, waver, tremble, totter

like a drunkard
כַּשִּׁכּ֔וֹר (kaš·šik·kō·wr)
Preposition-k, Article | Adjective – masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 7910: Intoxicated, as a, state, a habit

and sways
וְהִֽתְנוֹדְדָ֖ה (wə·hiṯ·nō·wḏ·ḏāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Hitpael – Conjunctive perfect – third person feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 5110: To nod, waver, to wander, flee, disappear, to console, deplore, taunt

like a shack.
כַּמְּלוּנָ֑ה (kam·mə·lū·nāh)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun – feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 4412: A hut, a hammock

Earth’s rebellion
פִּשְׁעָ֔הּ (piš·‘āh)
Noun – masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 6588: Transgression

weighs it down,
וְכָבַ֤ד (wə·ḵā·ḇaḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Conjunctive perfect – third person masculine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3513: To be heavy, weighty, or burdensome

and it falls,
וְנָפְלָ֖ה (wə·nā·p̄ə·lāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb – Qal – Conjunctive perfect – third person feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 5307: To fall, lie

never
וְלֹא־ (wə·lō-)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb – Negative particle
Strong’s Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to rise
קֽוּם׃ (qūm)
Verb – Qal – Infinitive construct
Strong’s Hebrew 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

again.
תֹסִ֥יף (ṯō·sîp̄)
Verb – Hifil – Imperfect – third person feminine singular
Strong’s Hebrew 3254: To add, augment

The following article is from:

Study shows ground may start ‘wobbling’ months prior to a giant earthquake

Study shows ground may start ‘wobbling’ months prior to a giant earthquake…

A new study by an international team of geoscientists shows that a strange reversal of ground motion occurred prior to two of the biggest earthquakes in history– the M8.8 great Maule quake in 2010 and the M9 Tohoku-Oki quake in 2011, which triggered a catastrophic tsunami and the Fukushima nuclear meltdown. The researchers hope that these movements they call “wobbles” could alert seismologists in the future, and give countries enough time to prepare for a disaster.

The 2011 earthquake in Japan was the strongest in the country’s recorded history– the landmasses yanked from east to west, and then east again months before the devastating event that killed more than 15 500 people.

These movements or wobbles occur when one of the Earth’s tectonic plates slip under another, which jams up the planet until it is broken, resulting in an earthquake.

“What happened in Japan was an enormous but very slow wobble – something never observed before,” said co-author Michael Bevis, a professor of earth sciences at Ohio State University.

“But are all giant earthquakes preceded by wobbles of this kind? We don’t know because we don’t have enough data. This is one more thing to watch for when assessing seismic risk in subduction zones like those in Japan, Sumatra, the Andes, and Alaska.”

Bevis added that although people standing on the island would not have been able to detect or notice the wobble as the movement is just a few millimeters per month over a period of five to seven months, the movement was evident in data recorded by more than 1 000 GPS stations throughout Japan.

Geoscientists from Germany, Chile, and the U.S. analyzed the data and found a reversing shift about 4 to 8 mm (0.2 to 0.3 inches) east, then to the west, and to the east again. The team explained that those movements were markedly different from the steady shifts that the landmasses continuously generate.

“The world is broken up into plates that are always moving in one way or another. Movement is not unusual. It’s this style of movement that’s unusual,” said Bevis.

The professor noted that the wobble could indicate that in the months before the tremor, the plate under the Philippine Sea had a “slow slip event”, a gentle underthrusting of two adjoining oceanic plates under Japan, which eventually triggered a huge westward and downward sway. This drove the Pacific plate and slab beneath Japan, producing powerful seismic waves that pounded the entire country.

ground-motion-april-29-2020

GNSS stations in Japan and Chile. Image credit: Bedford et al.

The event inflicted widespread damage throughout Japan, also causing large parts of Honshu island to be permanently shifted a few meters to the east. It triggered a tsunami that reached more than 40 m (131 feet), and more than 450 000 were left homeless. Several nuclear reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant sent a stream of toxic and radioactive materials into the atmosphere as it melted. Overall, it was the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl.

Scientists who study seismic activities and plate tectonics try to identify the approximate magnitude of the next massive earthquake and forecast where and when they may take place. However, lead author Jonathan Bedford, also a researcher at the GFZ, explained that GPS systems are needed in some subduction zones around the world in order to use the findings of the study to predict quakes.

Japan had one of the largest GPS monitoring systems in the world in 2011, which provided the country with sufficient data and allowed the researchers to analyze the landmass’ swinging movements months before the event.

Chile and Sumatra were also hit by catastrophic earthquakes and tsunamis in 2010 and 2004, respectively, but they had less-comprehensive systems during those times.

The team studied similar data from the 2010 Maule quake in Chile. The network is not as dense, but still tracked much of the deforming continental plate.

The stations on land normally move away slightly from the subduction trench as the continental crust is mashed and shortened. However, by analyzing the time sequences of GNSS signals, the researchers found evidence of a wobble– stations suddenly shifted towards the subduction trench and reversed their direction again, back to the normal movement.

Shortly after the second reversal, the underground tore, followed by the massive quakes. Bedford explained that it was “only just good enough to capture the signal.”

The team hopes that by tracking wobbles, nations at risk will be alerted and given more time to prepare for an upcoming disaster, and a sensor network is necessary for this.

“We really need to be monitoring all major subduction zones with high-density GPS networks as soon as possible.”

ground-motion-2-april-29-2020

Motion of tectonic plates changed in direction and speed months before the massive earthquake. Image credit: Bedford et al.

References

“Months-Long thousand-kilometer-scale wobbling before great subduction earthquakes” – Bedford, J. et al. – Nature – https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2212-1

Abstract

Megathrust earthquakes are responsible for some of the most devastating natural disasters1. To better understand the physical mechanisms of earthquake generation, subduction zones worldwide are continuously monitored with geophysical instrumentation. One key strategy is to install stations that record signals from Global Navigation Satellite Systems2,3 (GNSS), enabling us to track the non-steady surface motion of the subducting and overriding plates before, during and after the largest events4,5,6. Here we use a recently developed trajectory modeling approach7 that is designed to isolate secular tectonic motions from the daily GNSS time series to show that the 2010 Maule, Chile (moment magnitude 8.8) and 2011 Tohoku-oki, Japan (moment magnitude 9.0) earthquakes were preceded by reversals of 4–8 millimeters in surface displacement that lasted several months and spanned thousands of kilometers. Modeling of the surface displacement reversal that occurred before the Tohoku-oki earthquake suggests an initial slow slip followed by a sudden pulldown of the Philippine Sea slab so rapid that it caused a viscoelastic rebound across the whole of Japan. Therefore, to understand better when large earthquakes are imminent, we must consider not only the evolution of plate interface frictional processes but also the dynamic boundary conditions from deeper subduction processes, such as sudden densification of the metastable slab.

Featured image credit: Sushil Kumar/Flickr